What is a UTI? Causes, Symptoms and General Prevention

What is a UTI? There’s not a lot of people who know what a UTI is and how it can cause inflammation. The pain caused by a UTI is debilitating to the point that we no longer want to move.

That is probably the main reason why everyone should learn how it affects our body. Its causes, signs, and symptoms. Also, the first things to do when experiencing a UTI.

What is a UTI?

A UTI or Urinary Tract Infection is any infection that affects a part of the urinary system, which includes bladder, urethra, ureters, and the kidneys. The most frequent UTI, however, involves the urethra and the bladder, which form the lower urinary tract.

Women have a higher risk of having UTIs than men. UTI limited in the bladder will be very painful. Once it spreads in your kidneys, it becomes a very serious problem.

Doctors usually treat UTI with antibiotics. But there are certain steps you can take at home to cut the chances of catching a UTI.

What Causes UTI?

  • Cystitis or a bladder infection usually caused by bacteria called E. coli (Escherichia coli). It is sometimes due to sexual intercourse, but not all cases lead to an active sexual activity. Improper cleansing of the vagina can also cause UTI. Females are more at risk of having it because, anatomically, they have a shorter urethra compared to men.
  • Urethritis due to the gastrointestinal bacteria that starts to spread from the anus. Since the urethra of women is close to the vagina, they are more prone to have sexually transmitted diseases, that is one of the causes of urethritis.

You Are Suffering from UTI When You Have These Symptoms

  • UTI SymptomsWhen your urge to urinate is persistent
  • The feeling of burning sensation when you pee
  • Pass small urine amounts and frequently
  • Cloudy looking and foul-smelling, sometimes blood in the urine
  • Flank pain, abdominal or pelvic pain
  • High fever

A urine test or urinalysis is the very basic diagnostic procedure to confirm the presence of a UTI. It can detect the blood and bacteria in the urine. However, doctors can immediately find UTI just by asking questions.

This is true, especially among women.

If you are experiencing such symptoms, go to your doctor as soon as possible.

How To Get Rid of UTI at Home

The most effective medicine for UTI without a doubt is antibiotics. Doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat UTI symptoms fast. They are usually taken for seven days.

Pain medications may also be given. They are used to anesthetize the urethra and bladder to relieve the burning sensation.

But there are other solutions that you can find at home

Drinking 8 cups of water is a good way to start.

Cranberry and blueberry juice are also helpful. These fruits have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Essential to fight off bacteria and cut the pain you get from a UTI.

Vegetables have also been found very effective in treating UTIs. Cucumbers, ginger, and parsley have potent antimicrobial properties to limit bacteria. They also have anti- inflammatory properties to relieve symptoms of pain.

Use an heating pad to reduce pain and swelling. Apply it warm, but not too warm to avoid burns. Put it where your bladder lies.

Ways to Prevent UTI

Here are some things you may do to prevent a UTI. If you know what is a UTI and how it affects your body, then learn these steps:

  • Drink enough fluids, especially water
  • Go to the toilet when you feel you want to pee, don’t hold it
  • Empty the bladder when using the toilet, let it all out
  • Wipe your bottom starting from the front going to the back
  • Empty the bladder after sexual intercourse
  • Wear cotton instead of synthetic materials. Avoid using trousers and jeans
  • Do not use condoms or contraceptives that have a spermicidal lubricant. Please use another type of contraception

Kids do not know what is a UTI. Teenagers who have good internet access might know this, but not a lot of them. They are all busy playing games. This is why parents should learn the early signs and symptoms of UTI, and teach their kids how to prevent it.

Learning the basic symptoms of UTI can help ease the pain. And keep in mind that UTI home remedies can also limit the inflammation.

Good luck, and I hope you’ll never need to cure a UTI!


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